Hvorfor er fantasy så fantastisk?

Fantasien giver os vingerDrager, mystiske troldmænd, dyr, der kan tale – det er nok det, der falder de fleste ind, når man spørger dem, hvad de kommer til at tænke på, når man siger fantasybøger.  Men det er jo en ret diffus forklaring på, hvad der kendetegner genren, og hvorfor egentlig gide beskæftige sig med noget så fjernt fra virkeligheden?

Af sprogpsykolog og skribent Karina Andersen

Ifølge Wikipedia er det let at give en definition på fantasy: ”Fantasy er en fiktionsgenre, der beskæftiger sig med at skabe en alternativ verden, oftest med en tilstedeværelse af magi, fabelvæsner eller andre overnaturlige elementer” (http://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fantasy). Det lyder jo meget tilforladeligt, og umiddelbart kan de fleste nok blive enige om, at fx Ringenes Herre og Harry Potter er fantasy. Her møder vi både troldmænd, sære (set gennem vores nøgterne briller) skabninger, flyvende koste, og genstande med særlige egenskaber.

Men alligevel – det er jo en ret bred definition, for hvor går grænsen? Fx indeholder eventyr også magi. Hekse, der kan forvandle prinser til frøer, trolde, forheksede skove, og udfordringer, der skal overvindes på særlige måder, som ikke lige passer ind i hverdagens rationelle problemløsningsmodeller.

Et helt andet univers

Maria Elmvang er ivrig fantasy-læser og anmelder bøger på sin blog ”At læse er at leve”. Spørger man hende om, hvad fantasy er, lyder svaret, at genren skal indeholde eventyrlige væsener, som fx drager, kæmper og elvere, og universet, det hele foregår i, er også vigtigt. Fantasy foregår ofte, men ikke altid, i et opfundet univers, der er anderledes en det, vi selv lever i. Hun synes ikke, eventyr er fantasy:

”Jeg ser eventyr som forløberen for fantasy. Eventyr er en ældgammel fortællestil, og jeg tror absolut, at fantasy-genren som sådan har taget udgangspunkt i eventyr. Den væsentligste forskel er efter min mening, at eventyr er mere stilistiske og overfladiske. Hele charmen ved fantasy er, at der ofte kræses lidt ekstra i detaljerne. Der er grundigere beskrivelser af omgivelserne, netop fordi det er et nyt univers, der skal sættes i stand.”

Kathrine Schmidt skriver også om sine læseoplevelser på bloggen ”Bøger på tværs”, og hun er enig:

”Et af de vigtigste elementer i fantasy er universet, og der skal være en del af det, der er fiktivt. Det kan enten være hele universet eller blot en mindre del af det som f.eks. Harry Potter, der jo foregår i vores egen verden, men som også har en magisk del. Det kan også være paralleluniverser til vores eget.”

Så længe der er tale om et andet univers end vores daglige, er det altså fantasy. Det skaber rum for en masse historier, for så er det jo kun fantasien (!), der sætter grænser for, hvad de kan indeholde. Derfor er fantasy også en genre, der indeholder en masse sub-genrer.  Ser man fx nærmere på Wikipedias opslag om fantasy, kan man se, at der bl.a. er noget, der hedder high fantasy, low fantasy og heroic fantasy (se http://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fantasy).

Fantasy – nu også for voksne

At børn kan lide at læse fantasy er nok ikke så underligt. Børn tiltrækkes af det fantasifulde og synes, at ildsprudende drager, tapre riddere og mystiske elvere er spændende. Men helt ærlig – som voksen er det vel ikke interessant at læse om noget så virkelighedsfjernt som andre universer med magiske væsener og overnaturlige kræfter?

Tværtimod, mener Kathrine Schmidt, der er masser af kvalitet i fantasy:

”Det, der fænger mig, er universet, personerne og handlingen, overnaturlige væsener og magi. Jeg læser for at få et afbræk fra hverdagen, og når jeg læser fantasy, er det afbræk markant anderledes end min egen hverdag. Jeg kan lide at forsvinde ind i en fiktiv verden og opleve eventyr og lade mig fortrylle af fornemmelsen af at lade magien strømme fra hænderne eller svæve højt over en by på ryggen af en drage. Til hverdag er jeg ret naturvidenskabelig, så når jeg åbner en bog, forkaster jeg alle naturlovene og lader mig opsluge i en helt anden verden.”

Kathrine Schmidt og Maria Elmvang er ikke de eneste begejstrede læsere af fantasy over 14 år. Ifølge en artikel i Kristeligt Dagblad d. 2. maj 2012 (Moderne fantasy har fået tag i de voksne læsere) er tendensen til, at voksne læser fantasy, stigende. I samme artikel forklarer Sven Damgaard Ørnstrup, som selv er fantasyforfatter, tendensen med, at genren har udviklet sig. Historierne er blevet mere komplekse, og personerne mere nuancerede. Der er ikke længere tale om en sort/hvid fortælling om det godes kamp mod det onde, hvor den ædle helt skal overvinde den onde skurk. I en bog som ”Kampen om tronen” af George R.R. Martin er fortællingen åben, da der ikke er en entydig mission, der skal udføres, og personerne er af kød og blod med alt hvad det indebærer af intriger, vold og magtkampe. De gør ikke kun onde ting, fordi de er onde, men fordi situationen kræver det. Denne drejning inden for genren gør hele fortællingen både mere spændende og realistisk.

Behovet for en god historie

Dermed er der altså også en større appel til voksne, fordi det fantastiske univers trods de magiske elementer indeholder noget genkendeligt og ikke så fjernt alligevel fra den dagligdag, vi bevæger os i.

Men måske handler den stigende interesse for fantasy også om noget så simpelt, at vi bare gerne vil have en god historie, og at vi har brug for en gang i mellem at tro på, at der findes magi. Som fantasylæser og blogger Maria Elmvang siger:

”Det specielle ved fantasy er, at det tillader, at alt det, vi troede på som børn, er sandt. Vi kan virkelig flyve, der findes et magisk land bagerst i klædeskabet, drager er virkelige, og hvis man leder godt nok, kan man finde alfer i blomsterne. Fantasy tiltaler vores indre barn, som stadig regner med, at der er magi overalt, hvis vi bare ved, hvor vi skal lede.”

Og det er vel egentlig ikke så tosset?

 

 

Share

21 comments

  1. I together with my guys appeared to be following the best helpful tips located on your web site and so before long I had a terrible feeling I had not thanked the website owner for those secrets. My ladies appeared to be so stimulated to study them and now have absolutely been taking advantage of these things. Thank you for turning out to be well helpful as well as for getting this kind of really good things most people are really eager to be informed on. My personal honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  2. My wife and i have been really relieved Louis could round up his preliminary research with the precious recommendations he was given through your blog. It is now and again perplexing to just find yourself giving freely guides which usually other people may have been trying to sell. And we know we have the blog owner to be grateful to because of that. These illustrations you made, the straightforward site navigation, the friendships your site help engender – it’s all great, and it’s letting our son and us consider that that idea is enjoyable, and that’s really mandatory. Thank you for everything!

  3. I precisely wished to thank you very much once again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve carried out without the advice revealed by you over my subject. Completely was a fearsome problem in my position, however , coming across a well-written style you dealt with that made me to leap for fulfillment. I am just grateful for this help and in addition trust you know what an amazing job you are always accomplishing training many others through the use of your websites. I am certain you’ve never got to know any of us.

  4. Thank you for all of the labor on this blog. Debby take interest in participating in investigations and it is easy to understand why. I learn all regarding the compelling method you present worthwhile solutions on this website and as well as encourage participation from the others on that point and our girl is undoubtedly becoming educated a lot of things. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You have been conducting a glorious job.

  5. I would like to express appreciation to you for rescuing me from this type of instance. Because of exploring throughout the the web and obtaining ideas that were not productive, I figured my entire life was well over. Being alive devoid of the strategies to the problems you have solved all through this short article is a crucial case, as well as those that might have in a negative way affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your blog. Your actual skills and kindness in dealing with a lot of stuff was very helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a thing like this. I’m able to now look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the high quality and result oriented guide. I won’t be reluctant to refer the sites to anyone who would like recommendations on this problem.

  6. My wife and i ended up being quite peaceful when Raymond managed to finish up his analysis using the ideas he discovered when using the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply always be making a gift of helpful hints which some people might have been trying to sell. We do know we now have the writer to appreciate for that. The specific illustrations you’ve made, the straightforward website menu, the friendships your site aid to create – it is all terrific, and it’s really leading our son and us understand this idea is exciting, and that is exceedingly vital. Thanks for the whole lot!

  7. I must express my gratitude for your generosity supporting individuals that must have guidance on this field. Your real commitment to getting the message up and down ended up being rather helpful and has always helped girls just like me to get to their dreams. Your new interesting guidelines denotes a whole lot a person like me and substantially more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from everyone of us.

  8. I intended to send you a tiny observation to give many thanks as before for all the pleasant information you’ve featured at this time. This has been so incredibly generous of people like you to allow without restraint just what some people could have offered for an electronic book to get some dough for themselves, particularly now that you might have done it if you ever decided. The secrets in addition worked to become fantastic way to know that some people have the identical desire just as mine to find out a whole lot more with respect to this issue. I believe there are many more enjoyable sessions in the future for those who discover your blog.

  9. Needed to put you a very small note to say thank you the moment again on the marvelous advice you’ve contributed on this page. It was really strangely open-handed of you to convey without restraint what many of us would have offered as an ebook in order to make some profit for their own end, most notably seeing that you could possibly have tried it if you considered necessary. Those smart ideas additionally served as a great way to be certain that other people online have the identical dreams similar to my personal own to understand more and more with respect to this problem. I am sure there are several more fun occasions in the future for folks who examine your site.

  10. I simply wanted to post a small comment so as to express gratitude to you for these stunning strategies you are sharing at this website. My particularly long internet research has at the end been compensated with good content to go over with my friends and classmates. I ‘d say that many of us readers actually are extremely fortunate to be in a decent place with many special professionals with very helpful hints. I feel truly happy to have used the web page and look forward to many more fun minutes reading here. Thanks once more for all the details.

  11. I am only commenting to make you be aware of what a outstanding encounter our daughter undergone reading through your blog. She realized lots of issues, most notably what it’s like to possess a great helping style to make the others clearly fully grasp selected multifaceted subject areas. You truly surpassed people’s expected results. Many thanks for displaying those valuable, healthy, edifying and in addition fun guidance on that topic to Lizeth.

  12. I intended to draft you the little word to help thank you as before regarding the pretty pointers you have documented at this time. It is so particularly open-handed of people like you giving without restraint all that a lot of folks would’ve offered for sale as an ebook to earn some money for their own end, especially now that you could possibly have tried it if you ever considered necessary. These suggestions additionally acted to become a good way to comprehend some people have the identical zeal like my own to grasp great deal more with respect to this issue. I believe there are several more enjoyable moments up front for individuals that browse through your website.

  13. I’m just commenting to make you be aware of of the outstanding discovery my friend’s daughter obtained visiting your web page. She mastered several pieces, which included what it’s like to possess a marvelous coaching character to get the rest effortlessly fully understand certain complex issues. You really exceeded her desires. Thank you for giving such warm and helpful, healthy, explanatory as well as fun tips on your topic to Ethel.

  14. My husband and i got so fulfilled Albert managed to conclude his researching because of the precious recommendations he discovered through the blog. It’s not at all simplistic to just possibly be giving out tactics that many other people might have been trying to sell. We really remember we need the website owner to appreciate because of that. The specific illustrations you made, the straightforward blog menu, the relationships you give support to promote – it’s mostly extraordinary, and it’s really letting our son in addition to us know that that matter is pleasurable, and that’s quite mandatory. Many thanks for everything!

  15. I enjoy you because of every one of your labor on this web site. Kate enjoys getting into research and it’s easy to see why. We all hear all about the powerful ways you produce priceless suggestions on this web blog and as well as strongly encourage participation from others on that issue then our own simple princess is without question being taught a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. You are always carrying out a really good job.

  16. I intended to put you a little observation to finally say thanks yet again with the breathtaking secrets you’ve shared on this page. This has been simply open-handed of you in giving easily all that a lot of people might have marketed for an ebook to help make some dough for their own end, principally considering the fact that you might well have tried it in the event you decided. These inspiring ideas additionally worked to be a great way to realize that other people have similar dreams the same as my personal own to find out more with reference to this problem. I think there are millions of more enjoyable instances ahead for individuals that scan through your blog.

  17. Needed to draft you this very small note to finally say thanks a lot again for your personal pleasing techniques you’ve discussed at this time. It is quite extremely generous with people like you to grant unreservedly precisely what numerous people might have offered for sale as an electronic book to earn some bucks for their own end, certainly considering the fact that you could possibly have tried it if you ever decided. Those tips likewise worked to provide a great way to be sure that other individuals have similar keenness the same as my personal own to grasp more and more concerning this issue. I believe there are lots of more pleasant occasions up front for those who scan through your website.

  18. Thanks for your own hard work on this blog. Debby delights in conducting internet research and it’s obvious why. Most people notice all of the powerful manner you render rewarding steps by means of the web blog and strongly encourage contribution from other people on the point plus our own child is undoubtedly being taught a whole lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re performing a tremendous job.

  19. Thank you for each of your labor on this blog. Gloria loves working on investigation and it is simple to grasp why. We know all about the powerful form you render priceless techniques by means of your web site and in addition inspire contribution from visitors on the idea then my daughter is studying a lot of things. Have fun with the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one performing a very good job.

  20. You made some first rate factors there. I looked on the internet for the problem and found most individuals will go along with with your website.

  21. I wish to show my thanks to the writer just for bailing me out of this particular condition. After looking through the internet and finding thoughts that were not beneficial, I assumed my entire life was well over. Being alive without the presence of approaches to the issues you’ve fixed through your good write-up is a serious case, as well as those which may have adversely affected my career if I had not come across your blog post. That expertise and kindness in controlling a lot of stuff was helpful. I don’t know what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. I can also now relish my future. Thank you very much for the high quality and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to endorse your web page to any person who needs and wants care about this situation.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.